1.1 This policy is aimed at establishing a framework for determining, detecting, preventing and dealing with plagiarism to ensure academic excellence, honesty and integrity among students and faculty members of the institute. While recognizing, supporting and encouraging the successful exploitation of intellectual property by its staff and students, ALTAQWA detests intellectual dishonesty and plagiarism in all forms.
1.2 This policy serves as a guide for all faculty members and students of Altaqwa to respect, observe and maintain high probity of academic standards, originality of academic publications, and to avoid academic dishonesty, cheating, stealing of others ideas and plagiarism.
1.3 The Institute is fully aware that effective production and management of intellectual property hinges on the quality and originality of all publications by faculty members and students. This is critical for the institute to play its role in higher education. The institute is also cognizant of the fact that plagiarism poses a significant challenge for academia worldwide and considers this as a serious form of academic impropriety which can result in rejection or withdrawal of monographs long essays, publications or any piece of academic work produced by faculty members and students alike.
1.4 It shall also lead to disciplinary actions, such as expulsion from the institute, postponement of promotion, rustication, and as shall be determined by an impartial and independent committee set up by the authorities of the institute.
2.0 Definition of Plagiarism
2.1 Plagiarism is the presentation of another person’s work, ideas, words, images, opinions,
Discoveries, artwork, music, recordings or computer-generated work such as computer
Programs, software, websites, the Internet or other electronic resources, either Published or unpublished, as one’s personal work, or alternatively claiming all the above mentioned of others, without duly acknowledging the original source.
2.2 Plagiarism can also denote the re-presentation of one’s own published or unpublished work, ideas, images, opinions, inventions, music or recordings, artistic works, or computer-
Generated work without proper citing of source. This is generally known as self-plagiarism
2.3 or a situation where one’s ideas, expressions, words, methods, results, are used to describe
These ideas, methodologies and outcomes are similar or expressed in the same way without appropriate acknowledgement.
2.4 Examples of plagiarism:
2.5 Plagiarism is a serious academic fraud, intellectual dishonesty, theft, which is unethical and immoral, and a consequential manifestation of academic impropriety can lead to dismissal from an institution such as the University.
2.6 Depending on the extent and the enormity of the plagiarism as well as the institutional requirements, the plagiarist may be disciplined according to rules stated in, or be forced to apologize publicly and withdraw the plagiarized materials.
2.7 In a situation where plagiarism is not detected early, appropriate sanctions shall still be applied when discovered later.
3.0 Types of Plagiarism
3.1 According to Turnitin.com and Research Resources 1 , two types or categories of plagiarism are identified. These are; Intentional and Unintentional 3.2 Intentional plagiarism consists of Sources not cited plagiarism and Sources cited (but still plagiarized).
A. Sources not cited plagiarism:
Examples of this include the:
B. Sources cited but still plagiarized these include the following:
These include the following:
3.3 Non-intentional plagiarism is the situation where an author does not conform to orthodox standards for referencing. It is also a situation where the writer imitates a source text written in a language that the writer does not understand the technical and conceptual meaning and thus lacks the ability to present the ideas in his/her own words.
4.0 Evaluating Plagiarism
4.1 Plagiarism is a very complicated concept, no matter the form it takes. This makes it necessary for a proper assessment to be done when determining the quality of scholarly works produced by persons in academia.
4.2 Care must be taken when trying to measure the quality of a scholarly material in the context of intentional and unintentional plagiarism. As enumerated by Ngozi, Eyiuche & Ngozi (2009), certain intimations or hints could be used not only as a form of evidence gathering but also as a means of evaluating plagiarism.
4.3 The mixing of citation styles, lack of quotation and references are all strategies for assessing or establishing plagiarism of scholarly materials
The institute acknowledges the need to come up with a policy that seeks not only to punish but to help avert the issue of plagiarism among students and staff. In line with this, plagiarism and other similar issues shall form an important part of the academic curricular of the institute. With this, the institute shall make it one of its utmost priorities to:
6.0 Student or Author Responsibility
6.1 Students and academic staff in the institute shall heed to the following
6.2 It is incumbent on all staff of the institute to adhere to these responsibilities to ensure sanity in the academic environment thereby helping to reduce or prevent plagiarism. This shall help instill a sense of discipline among all who find themselves in academia.
7.0 Investigations and Sanctions
7.0 Investigations and Sanctions
8.0 Investigation of plagiarism by students
8.1 When a faculty member responsible for a course suspects possible plagiarism by a student, the faculty member shall:
8.2 If the student is able to provide convincing and reasonable explanations of the accusation, and is discovered to have unconsciously plagiarized, it may be concluded that the student committed an academic misdemeanor by referencing wrongly. A written warning is given.
8.3 However, if any suspicions about the originality of the work are confirmed, the issue can then be;
9.0 Plagiarism in a Course Assignment
9.1 Plagiarism in a Submitted monograph Alleged plagiarism in a monograph shall be reported to the Head of Department who shall immediately report to the Dean and an investigative committee will be set up by the Dean to examine the case. A report shall be submitted to the Vice-Chancellor on the findings detailing their recommendations.
9.2 The provisions made in 8.1 to 8.3 shall be adhered to in the process of examining and levying punishment on students.
10.0 Sanctions for Plagiarism by Students
10.1 The Penalty Scale for plagiarism applies to all works submitted for assessment.
10.2 One essential benchmark for assessing the gravity of an offence is “quantity”; however, sanctions should be suitable for the level of severity of the incident.
10.3 The quantity, in this instance refers to the unaided professional judgment of the lecturer/supervisor and not the percentage generated from the TURNITIN originality report.
When investigating a plagiarism incident, it is important to take note of the following:
Plagiarism Penalty Scale
|Degree of Seriousness||1st Year / 1st Incident||1st Year / 2nd Incident||Other Undergraduate / 1st Incident||Other Undergraduate / 2nd Incident||3rd or Further Incident|
|SERIOUS (More than 20% of text ‘copied||Cancellation of mark Opportunity for resubmission, where the highest mark that may be awarded is 50% Note on student’s record Student has to participate in library training||Cancellation of mark No opportunity to resubmit Note on student’s record||Cancellation of mark No opportunity for resubmission Note on student’s record Student has to participate in library training||Disciplinary investigation||Disciplinary investigation|
|MODERATE (More than 10%, but less than 20% of text ‘copied’)||Cancellation of mark Opportunity for resubmission, the highest mark that may be awarded is 50% Student has to participate in library training||Cancellation of mark No opportunity to resubmit Note on student’s record||Cancellation of mark Opportunity for resubmission, the highest mark that may be awarded is 50% Note on student’s record Student has to participate in library training||Disciplinary investigation||Disciplinary investigation|
|MINOR (Less than 10% of text ‘copied’)||Warning (marks must be deducted) Note on student’s record Student has to attend library training||Cancellation of mark Opportunity for resubmission, the highest mark that may be awarded is 50% Note on student’s record||Warning (marks must be subtracted) Note on student’s record Student has to attend library training||Disciplinary investigation||Disciplinary investigation|
Plagiarism Penalty Scale Continued
12.0 Investigations and Sanctions for Plagiarism by Faculty Members
13.0 False Accusation of Plagiarism
No student, staff or faculty member shall wrongly or falsely be accused of academic dishonesty. Any incident of this nature shall be reported by the appropriate person in-charge of that particular Department to the Vice-Chancellor and later on referred to the Disciplinary Committee of the Institute.
UNSW Australia (2016). Plagiarism policy statement. Available at: https://www.gs.unsw.edu.au/policy/documents/plagiarismpolicy.pdf. Retrieved on 24th January, 2017 what is plagiarism (2014). Available at: http://www.plagiarism.org/plagiarism-101/what-isplagiarism Ngozi, A.N., Eyiuche, O. & Ngozi, A. (2009). Evaluating students’ plagiarism in Higher Education Institutions, An International Multi-Disciplinary Journal, 3(4) 363-371 University of Stirling (2016). The Little Book of Plagiarism: What it is and how to avoid it. Stirling Available at: http://www.stir.ac.uk/media/services/registry/quality/BookofPlagiarism.pdf University of Ghana (2015). Plagiarism Policy. University of Ghana University of Pretoria (2010). Plagiarism Prevention Policy, University of Pretoria.